Read e-book online A Brief History of Argentina, 2nd Edition PDF

By Jonathan C. Brown

ISBN-10: 0816077967

ISBN-13: 9780816077960

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Soon the dominant economic concern became oxcarting. Estancias in the area specialized in breeding and breaking oxen for the great cart trains passing between Jujuy and the port of Buenos Aires. Working with local timbers and leather, Tucumanos constructed Spanishstyle carts with wheels nearly 20 feet in diameter (the better to pass over muddy roads) and with a carrying capacity of more than one ton. The commercial route that formed a great arch from Potosí south to Córdoba turned east to connect with the Paraná River at the port of Santa Fe.

The Brazilian expedition suffered a decisive defeat. But the Jesuit arming of the Guaraní also annoyed the settlers at Asunción, for it closed off to them this source of indigenous workers. By the 17th century, many missionary priests had received their training and ordination in the Americas. These native-born priests and nuns were exclusively Creoles, Americans born of European parentage. People of mixed blood, blacks, and Indians were excluded from the priesthood. The schools at which novices studied eventually became the first universities of the Americas.

As the Spanish administrative and religious center, Córdoba boasted elegant government houses, churches, convents, and monasteries. Both the governor and bishop lived here, and the colonial university and headquarters of the College of Jesuits were also located in Córdoba. Cattle and mule production supported the city’s prestige and importance. Spaniards (and Portuguese) settled on cattle- and mule-breeding estates on the Pampas east of the city. Córdoba’s Jesuit college operated several estancias (ranches) that yearly dispatched approximately 1,000 mules.

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A Brief History of Argentina, 2nd Edition by Jonathan C. Brown

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