By Helga Stan-Lotter, Sergiu Fendrihan
This fullyyt up-to-date moment version presents an outline at the biology, ecology and biodiversity of extremophiles. strange and not more explored ecosystems inhabited by way of extremophiles equivalent to marine hypersaline deeps, severe chilly, wilderness sands, and man-made fresh rooms for spacecraft meeting are offered. an extra concentration is wear the function of those hugely really expert microorganism in utilized learn fields, starting from biotechnology and nanotechnology to astrobiology. Examples reminiscent of novel psychrophilic enzymes, compounds from halophiles, and detection techniques for strength extraterrestrial existence kinds are mentioned in detail.
The ebook addresses researchers and complicated scholars within the fields of microbiology, microbial ecology and biotechnology.
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Additional resources for Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel Research Results and Application
7 %, respectively). Ammonia-oxidizing Archaea (AOA) varied significantly along the environmental gradient. Interestingly, low abundance of AOA was detected in the brine, even though a high concentration of ammonia was measured, which was consistent with the absence of oxygen in the brine body (Cao et al. 2015). The microbial eukaryotic community was investigated in this DHAB by Wang et al. (2014) with a similar sampling setup adopted by Cao and coauthors (Cao et al. 2015). 2 An Updated View of the Microbial Diversity in Deep Hypersaline Anoxic Basins 31 Evidences of the presence of potential novel species of annelids and nematodes possibly thriving on the biomass of the microbial mat were found, as well as of novel Euglenozoa and Alveolata species in the brine-seawater interface.
1997). Moreover, compositional changes of brines occurred during time, due to both biochemical and biological processes. Tyro and Bannock were the first DHABs discovered in the Eastern Mediterranean Sea (Cita et al. 1985; Jongsma et al. 1983), followed by Urania, Discovery, and L’Atalante (Medriff Consortium 1995) and, more recently, by Medee, Thethis, and Kryos (La Cono et al. 2011; Yakimov et al. 2013, 2015). 2 Geochemical Features of DHABs As typically observed in all DHABs around the world, brines are well separated from the overlaying seawater.
37 F. Mapelli • E. Crotti • S. Borin Department of Food, Environmental and Nutritional Sciences (DeFENS), University of Milan, 20133 Milan, Italy A. Barozzi • G. Michoud • G. Merlino King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST), Biological and Environmental Sciences and Engineering Division (BESE), Thuwal 23955-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia D. i © Springer International Publishing AG 2017 H. Stan-Lotter, S. 1007/978-3-319-48327-6_2 23 24 F. Mapelli et al. 1 Introduction Deep hypersaline anoxic basins (DHABs) represent one of the most fascinating and extreme habitats on Earth.
Adaption of Microbial Life to Environmental Extremes: Novel Research Results and Application by Helga Stan-Lotter, Sergiu Fendrihan