By Frans H. van Eemeren, Peter Houtlosser, A.F. Snoeck Henkemans
Argumentative symptoms: A Pragma-Dialectical examine identifies and analyses English phrases and expressions which are an important for an sufficient reconstruction of argumentative discourse. It presents the analyst of argumentative discussions and texts with a scientific set of tools for giving a well-founded research which ends up in an analytic assessment of the weather which are proper for the evaluate of the argumentation. within the e-book a scientific connection is made among linguistic insights into the features of argumentative discourse and insights from argumentation idea into the answer of ameliorations of opinion via argumentation.
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Additional resources for Argumentative Indicators in Discourse: A Pragma-Dialectical Study
29 On the other hand, in practice, this expression is not used as often as the other attitude indicating expressions and force modifying expressions discussed here. Even when it is used, the expression does not, as a rule, indicate a standpoint, but rather a concession. This is the case in: (41) I know that it is half past three, but why not have just one more? The following example shows that ‘do’ can be introduced to mark this type of concession: (42) I do know that it is half past three, but let’s have just one more.
Before I vote, I want to see what the area looks like,’ says Ethel ten Brink. ‘I was against the plan, but now that I see this I’m beginning to have doubts about what I have to do’. [. ] Her friend Wim Vermeer is confident, ‘I’m still against the plan. I think building flats above the motorway is a better plan. […] I don’t see why there should be apartment blocks over here’. Two people from Utrecht, Gerard Hoskens and Marja Boer, do not understand why the citizens of Amsterdam are making such a fuss.
When is ‘I believe that’ strong enough to assume that a standpoint is introduced? As far as we are concerned, the rule of thumb would be that we have a standpoint if ‘I believe that’ can be paraphrased by ‘it is my opinion that’ or ‘I am sure that’. If a paraphrase like ‘I suspect that’, ‘I assume that’ or ‘if I am correct’ seems to be more appropriate, the context decides whether or not we still have a standpoint. This becomes clear if we look at the different uses of ‘I believe that’ in the following text: (23) 24 I believe that the work that surgeon does is a lot heavier than that nurse’s job, and that you simply have to, yes it may sound silly, but that you somehow have to pay for that man’s education as well, I don’t know, I believe that it An exception seems, in first instance, the use of ‘I believe that’ in combination with an argumentative assertion.
Argumentative Indicators in Discourse: A Pragma-Dialectical Study by Frans H. van Eemeren, Peter Houtlosser, A.F. Snoeck Henkemans