By Donna T. Andrew
Aristocratic Vice examines the outrage against—and makes an attempt to end—the 4 vices linked to the aristocracy in eighteenth-century England: duelling, suicide, adultery, and playing. all the 4, it used to be generally believed, owed its beginning to satisfaction. Many felt the legislation didn't pass a ways adequate to punish these perpetrators who have been individuals of the elite. during this fascinating new publication, Andrew explores each one vice’s remedy through the clicking on the time and indicates how a century of public assaults on aristocratic vices promoted a feeling of “class superiority” one of the soon-to-emerge British center class.
“Donna Andrew maintains to light up the psychological landscapes of eighteenth-century Britain. . . . No historian of the interval has made larger or greater use of the newspaper press as a resource for cultural historical past than she. This publication is obviously the fabricated from loads of paintings and is probably going to stimulate additional work.”—Joanna Innes, collage of Oxford
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Extra info for Aristocratic Vice: The Attack on Duelling, Suicide, Adultery, and Gambling in Eighteenth-Century England
60 Honor: Male and Female In his Journal of 1738 John Wesley recounted a meeting with a felon whom he visited in prison, where the prisoner was awaiting execution: 32 Contesting Cultural Authority He attempted twice or thrice to shoot himself; but it [the gun] would not go off. Upon his laying it down, one took it up and blew out the priming. He was very angry, went and got fresh primer, came in again, sat down, beat the ﬂint with his key and . 61 This short parable of the prisoner wishing to be thought a gentleman sheds some light on popular eighteenth-century notions of both masculinity and gentility.
Some Author has observed, that when true Merit began to cease, Titles of Honour were invented in its Room. . 49 In the 1740s Hooker pointed out that a foolish man’s title would only make his lack of accomplishments more public and visible, and by the 1750s several went even further. 50 With a haughty and slightly supercilious tone, The Man announced that “A pride founded upon birth, title, estate, or other things no way essential to our 28 Contesting Cultural Authority nature, is but a childish vanity.
And, in an article entitled “Of Honour” in the urbane Gentleman’s Magazine, which reads more like a sermon than a teatable essay, the writer proposed that only men of religion and probity, men who believed in salvation and redemption, could have the sort of cool and deliberate courage that made the best ﬁghting military men. ”69 And in his sermon of 1751, “True Religion the only Foundation of true Courage,” Joshua Kyte gives us the fully formed picture of the genteel soldier, the true Christian hero as one who is “early Contesting Cultural Authority 35 accustomed to endure difﬁculties and inconveniences .
Aristocratic Vice: The Attack on Duelling, Suicide, Adultery, and Gambling in Eighteenth-Century England by Donna T. Andrew